Thomas John NICHOLAS, 18751958 (aged 83 years)

Thomas John /NICHOLAS/
Given names
Thomas John
Birth October 18, 1875
Birth of a brotherSteven Lewis NICHOLAS
December 1877 (aged 2 years)
Birth of a sisterMartha Jane NICHOLAS
June 1880 (aged 4 years)
Residence 1881 (aged 5 years)

Address: 86, Baptist Well Street, Swansea (Town), Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales
Birth of a sisterMary Ann NICHOLAS
June 1882 (aged 6 years)
Birth of a brotherWilliam Evan NICHOLAS
April 23, 1887 (aged 11 years)
Residence 1891 (aged 15 years)

Address: Pentre, St John, Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales
Birth of a sisterSarah Theodocia NICHOLAS
November 10, 1893 (aged 18 years)

Death of a maternal grandfatherThomas NICHOLAS
December 17, 1894 (aged 19 years)

Emigration January 19, 1895 (aged 19 years)
Death of a maternal grandmotherMartha LEWIS
March 1, 1900 (aged 24 years)
Metal (Copper) Inspector
about 1910 (aged 34 years)

Address: Laurel Hill, Queens, NY
Employer: Phelps Dodge Co at Nichols Copper Co
Birth of a sonThomas John NICHOLAS
November 4, 1910 (aged 35 years)
Death of a fatherEvan NICHOLAS
about September 1912 (aged 36 years) Age: 62
WWI Draft
between 1917 and 1918 (aged 42 years)
Address: New York, United States
Residence about 1917 (aged 41 years)

Address: 77 Monitor St, Brooklyn, Kings, NY
Death of a sonThomas John NICHOLAS
May 11, 1924 (aged 48 years)
Burial of a sonThomas John NICHOLAS
May 15, 1924 (aged 48 years)
Burial of a motherMartha NICHOLAS
January 29, 1932 (aged 56 years)
Death of a motherMartha NICHOLAS
about January 1932 (aged 56 years)
Death of a brotherSteven Lewis NICHOLAS
June 28, 1945 (aged 69 years)
Cause: not stated
Cremation of a wifeJeanette Bell
October 18, 1958 (aged 83 years)
Address: Linden, New Jersey, United States
Death November 26, 1958 (aged 83 years)

Cremation November 29, 1958 (3 days after death)
Address: Linden, NJ, United States
Burial January 28, 1959 (2 months after death)
Address: 3620 Wilkens Avenue | Baltimore, MD 21229

First Name : Thomas J. Last Name : Nicholas Nationality : Wales, Welsh Date of Arrival : January 19th, 1895 Age at Arrival : 19y Gender : Male Ship of Travel : Lucania Port of Departure : Liverpool & Queenstown Manifest Line Number : 0024

About the Ship - SS Lucania Built by Armstrong, Mitchell & Company, Newcastle, England, 1891. 5,140 gross tons; 421 (bp) feet long; 48 feet wide. Steam Triple Expansion engines, twin screw. Service speed 13.5 knots. 1,116 passengers (84 first class, 32 second class, 1000 third class). Three masts and one funnel. Steel hull. Laid down as the LUCANIA.

Ship History

Built for British owners, British flag, in 1891 and intended to be the Lucania.

Sold to North German Lloyd, German flag, in 1892 and renamed H.H. Meier. Bremen to Baltimore then Bremen to New York service.

Sold to Compania Transatlantica Line, Spanish flag, in 1901 and renamed Manuel Calvo. Barcelona-New York-Caribbean service. Damaged by a mine off Turkey; later repaired and resumed service .

Laid up Spanish owners, in 1952 and renamed Drago.

Scrapped in Spain in 1959.


The modern era started when the American engineer Bradley[clarification needed] finally developed a method of working low grade oxidised copper ores. In 1910 he approached the lawyer and industrialist Albert C Burrage who sent engineers to examine Chuquicamata. It was the start of copper mining by the Chile Exploration Company of the Guggenheim Group. Their reports were good and in April 1911 he started to buy up mines and claims, mainly from the larger mining companies, in association with Duncan Fox y Cia., an English entrepreneur.[1][2]

Since Burrage did not have the capital to develop a mine, he approached the Guggenheim Brothers. They examined his claims and estimated reserves at 690 million tonnes grading 2.58% copper.[12] The Guggenheims also had a process for treating the low grade ores developed by Elias Anton Cappelen Smith[13] and were immediately interested, organised the Chile Exploration Company (Chilex) in January 1912 and eventually bought out Burrage for US$25 million (or $649 million today) in Chilex stock. E. A. Cappelen Smith, consulting metallurgist for M. Guggenheim's Sons, worked out the first process for the treatment of Chuquicamata copper oxide ore about 1913, and directed a staff of engineers operating a pilot plant at Perth Amboy, New Jersey, on three shifts for an entire year.[14][15]

Chilex then went ahead with the development and construction of a mine on the eastern section of the Chuquicamata field. (It acquired the remainder of the field gradually over the next 15 years). The 10,000 tons per day leaching plant was planned to produce 50,000 tons of electrolytic copper annually. Amongst the equipment purchased were steam shovels from the Panama Canal.[2][16] A port and an oil-fired power plant were built at Tocopilla, 140 km (90 mi) to the west and an aqueduct was constructed to bring water in from the Andes.[17] Production started on May 18, 1915. Actual production rose from 4,345 tonnes in the first year to 50,400 tonnes in 1920 and 135,890 tonnes in 1929 before the Depression hit and demand fell.[18]

The Guggenheims sold the mine to Anaconda Copper in 1923. (wikipedia -

Phelps Dodge -

Last change April 14, 201918:33:01

Family with parents
Birth: June 1849Narbeth, Pembroke, Wales
Death: about September 1912Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
Birth: September 1850Narbeth, Pembroke, Wales
Death: about January 1932Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales
Marriage Marriageabout December 1872Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
3 years
Birth: October 18, 1875Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
Death: November 26, 1958
2 years
younger brother
Birth: December 1877Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
Death: June 28, 1945Cardiff, Glamorganshire, Wales
3 years
younger sister
2 years
younger sister
5 years
younger brother
Birth: April 23, 1887Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
7 years
younger sister
Birth: November 10, 1893
Death: about March 1968Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, South Wales
Family with Jeanette Bell
Birth: October 18, 1875Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
Death: November 26, 1958
Birth: February 2, 1880Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Burial: January 28, 1959Loudon Park Cemetery
Birth: November 4, 1910Perth Amboy, Middlesex, New Jersey, United States