Thomas John NICHOLAS, 18751958 (aged 83 years)

Name
Thomas John /NICHOLAS/
Given names
Thomas John
Nickname
Jack
Surname
NICHOLAS
Nickname
Jack
Birth
Birth of a brother
Birth of a sister
Residence
1881 (aged 5 years)
Address: 86, Baptist Well Street, Swansea (Town), Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales
Birth of a sister
Birth of a brother
Residence
1891 (aged 15 years)
Address: Pentre, St John, Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales
Birth of a sister
Death of a maternal grandfather
Emigration
Death of a maternal grandmother
Marriage
Birth of a daughter
Occupation
Metal (Copper) Inspector
about 1910 (aged 34 years)
Employer: Phelps Dodge Co at Nichols Copper Co
Address: Laurel Hill, Queens, NY
INDI:OCCU:URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G._H._Nichols_and_Company
Birth of a son
Death of a father
Military
WWI Draft
between 1917 and 1918 (aged 42 years)
Address: New York, United States
Residence
about 1917 (aged 41 years)
Address: 77 Monitor St, Brooklyn, Kings, NY
Marriage of a daughter
Death of a son
Burial of a son
Burial of a mother
Death of a mother
Death of a brother
Cause: not stated
Cremation of a wife
Address: Linden, New Jersey, United States
Death
November 26, 1958 (aged 83 years)
Cremation
Address: Linden, NJ, United States
Burial
January 28, 1959 (2 months after death)
Address: 3620 Wilkens Avenue | Baltimore, MD 21229
Note

First Name : Thomas J.
Last Name : Nicholas
Nationality : Wales, Welsh
Date of Arrival : January 19th, 1895
Age at Arrival : 19y
Gender : Male
Ship of Travel : Lucania
Port of Departure : Liverpool & Queenstown
Manifest Line Number : 0024

About the Ship - SS Lucania
Built by Armstrong, Mitchell & Company, Newcastle, England, 1891. 5,140 gross tons; 421 (bp) feet long; 48 feet wide. Steam Triple Expansion engines, twin screw. Service speed 13.5 knots. 1,116 passengers (84 first class, 32 second class, 1000 third class). Three masts and one funnel. Steel hull. Laid down as the LUCANIA.

Ship History

Built for British owners, British flag, in 1891 and intended to be the Lucania.

Sold to North German Lloyd, German flag, in 1892 and renamed H.H. Meier. Bremen to Baltimore then Bremen to New York service.

Sold to Compania Transatlantica Line, Spanish flag, in 1901 and renamed Manuel Calvo. Barcelona-New York-Caribbean service. Damaged by a mine off Turkey; later repaired and resumed service .

Laid up Spanish owners, in 1952 and renamed Drago.

Scrapped in Spain in 1959.

Note

The modern era started when the American engineer Bradley[clarification needed] finally developed a method of working low grade oxidised copper ores. In 1910 he approached the lawyer and industrialist Albert C Burrage who sent engineers to examine Chuquicamata. It was the start of copper mining by the Chile Exploration Company of the Guggenheim Group. Their reports were good and in April 1911 he started to buy up mines and claims, mainly from the larger mining companies, in association with Duncan Fox y Cia., an English entrepreneur.[1][2]

Since Burrage did not have the capital to develop a mine, he approached the Guggenheim Brothers. They examined his claims and estimated reserves at 690 million tonnes grading 2.58% copper.[12] The Guggenheims also had a process for treating the low grade ores developed by Elias Anton Cappelen Smith[13] and were immediately interested, organised the Chile Exploration Company (Chilex) in January 1912 and eventually bought out Burrage for US$25 million (or $649 million today) in Chilex stock. E. A. Cappelen Smith, consulting metallurgist for M. Guggenheim's Sons, worked out the first process for the treatment of Chuquicamata copper oxide ore about 1913, and directed a staff of engineers operating a pilot plant at Perth Amboy, New Jersey, on three shifts for an entire year.[14][15]

Chilex then went ahead with the development and construction of a mine on the eastern section of the Chuquicamata field. (It acquired the remainder of the field gradually over the next 15 years). The 10,000 tons per day leaching plant was planned to produce 50,000 tons of electrolytic copper annually. Amongst the equipment purchased were steam shovels from the Panama Canal.[2][16] A port and an oil-fired power plant were built at Tocopilla, 140 km (90 mi) to the west and an aqueduct was constructed to bring water in from the Andes.[17] Production started on May 18, 1915. Actual production rose from 4,345 tonnes in the first year to 50,400 tonnes in 1920 and 135,890 tonnes in 1929 before the Depression hit and demand fell.[18]

The Guggenheims sold the mine to Anaconda Copper in 1923.
(wikipedia -https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuquicamata)

Phelps Dodge - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phelps_Dodge

Last change
April 14, 201918:33:01
Author of last change: Tomar
Family with parents
father
18491912
Birth: June 1849Narbeth, Pembroke, Wales
Death: about September 1912Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
mother
18501932
Birth: September 1850Narbeth, Pembroke, Wales
Death: about January 1932Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales
Marriage Marriageabout December 1872Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
3 years
himself
18751958
Birth: October 18, 1875Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
Death: November 26, 1958
2 years
younger brother
18771945
Birth: December 1877Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
Death: June 28, 1945Cardiff, Glamorganshire, Wales
3 years
younger sister
2 years
younger sister
5 years
younger brother
18871973
Birth: April 23, 1887Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
Death: February 12, 1973Casper, Natrona County, Wyoming, USA
7 years
younger sister
18931968
Birth: November 10, 1893
Death: about March 1968Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, South Wales
Family with Jeanette Bell
himself
18751958
Birth: October 18, 1875Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales
Death: November 26, 1958
wife
18801959
Birth: February 2, 1880Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Burial: January 28, 1959Loudon Park Cemetery
Marriage MarriageApril 28, 1901Baltimore, Maryland. United States
1 year
daughter
1902
Birth: April 11, 1902Baltimore, Maryland. United States
9 years
son
19101924
Birth: November 4, 1910Perth Amboy, Middlesex, New Jersey, United States
Death: May 11, 1924BROOKLYN, KINGS, NEW YORK, UNITED STATES